Save Heating in Winter
By Diana Ungureanu/ Chisinau / Moldova.ORG/ -- Winter came and the expenses increase while temperatures fall. But heating costs can be reduced through a building of 2000 years old. It’s about the Dacian oven.
The Dacian "magic" oven was building that kept the heat for 48 hours. The floor of a fireplace, the hearth, had a circular shape with a diameter between 80 centimeters and one meter, located on the floor in the house. After the ground was leveled, there put a layer of stones and ceramic fragments on which was applied a consistent layer of 10-15 centimeters of clay mixed with sand and pebbles. On the top of that, it was made a finishing layer of a smoother mixture. After drying of the "stove", they could set the fire. The mixture of clay with sand and pebbles keep long the embers lit, being a source of light and heat, which is maintained for 48 hours.
Open hearths were used mainly for cooking and lighting at night. For heating, especially of houses located in cold areas, there were used uplifted open hearths that required a few hours to be girded, but then held the heat 48 hours.
One hundred Dacian ovens of burnt clay were discovered in last spring in Medieş Aurit, Satu Mare County, Romania. After last year there were discovered other 100 of same ovens in the same locality by measurements of magnetic perturbations.
Ovens built 2000 years ago are located at a depth of 50-60 cm under the ground. "It is the largest concentration of ceramic workshops in all Dacian space and one of the largest in Central Europe and perhaps even in the world, but we cannot pronounce so far on this issue", said Robert Ghindele, chief-archaeologist at the County Museum, in Satu Mare.
Our times are uncertain, the price of life quality increases every day, perhaps there came the time for us to inspire from our ancestors and their efficient use of heating methods.