Moldova celebrates 21 years of independence
The Republic of Moldova celebrates 21 years of independence today. On August 27, 1991, Moldova proclaimed its declaration of independence saying that it was becoming a sovereign and democratic state. Being part of the Soviet Union from 1940, the Republic of Moldova spent 51 years under a Communist regime. 21 years after it proclaimed the independence, Moldova strives to join the European Union, which is grounded on other principles as the former USSR.
The first country to recognize the independence of Moldova was its neighbor Romania. It was kind of a duty for Romania to recognize Moldova’s independence from the Soviet Union which annexed the historic Bessarabia (part of it called Republic of Moldova today). Fearing the possibility of Moldova to reunify with Romania as it was between 1918 until 1940, a large Russian and Ukrainian minority residing in the Eastern side of Moldova self-proclaimed a "republic" facing strong opposition against such a move. 21 years later, the self-established republic named Transnistria continues to be under Russian influence, the Moldovan Government not being able to exhibit its authority over the territory.
The involvement of the international community emerged in 1992 after a war between Moldova and Russia over this territory took place. A ceasefire was signed the same year. Some 1,500 soldiers are deployed in the separatist region. The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) emerged in Moldova in 1993 to negotiate a solution for the conflict. The conflict resolution is being held under "5+2" format which involves Moldova, Transnistria, Russia, Ukraine and the OSCE as negotiators, and the European Union and the United States as observers.
Moldova faces a lot of attention today from important countries. The recent visit of the German Chancellor Angela Merkel to Chisinau showed a strong support from the European Union member states. Moldova gained significant financial aid from the EU since 2009. Romania and the United States have also expressed a strong interest in Moldova supporting it with investments and offering money for education, healthcare system, and judicial system and for other reforms.
On behalf of his country, US President Barack Obama sent a message to Moldovan President Nicolae Timofti to congratulate his peoples with the Independence Day.
"The United States is a strong supporter of Moldova’s independence, sovereignty, and territorial integrity. We will continue to support you as you pursue economic and political reforms with the goal of becoming a democratic and prosperous member of the European community,” Barack Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said in a joint press release, quoted by the Moldovan Presidency.
The press statement informs that the US President appreciates the recent efforts of the leadership from Chisinau in the Transnistrian conflict resolution. It added that Moldova can rely on America’s support in terms of the conflict settlement with respect for Moldovan independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity.
Moldova received congratulations from the Russian President Vladimir Putin, as well. In a press statement, Mr. Putin expressed his readiness to further develop the co-operation between Russia and the Republic of Moldova.
"The relations between our peoples are marked by the multi-century friendship and good neighborhood, the spiritual and cultural values community," Vladimir Putin said in a press release.
The Russian President added that his country will continue to help finding a solution for the Transnistrian conflict as an important objective to assure the regional peace, stability and development.
Happy Independence Day, Moldova!Moldova.ORG